Philosophical Perspectives

Philosophy of Mind

Philosophy of mind analyzes the nature of the mind and how it is connected to the physical body. The mind has been a controversial topic for many years, with scientists and philosophers attempting to understand and explain the mind and consciousness. Since the 1600’s, some philosophers, such as Rene Descartes, believe that a mind-body dualism exists, saying that the body is separate from the mind even though they interact with each other. Other philosophers believe that the mind does not exist and that consciousness is explained by behaviors only. Although they have tried very hard to explain the concept of the mind, philosophers believe that the mind can never fully understand itself. On the contrary, neuroscientists tend to believe that the mind can understand itself and that research using brain scans such as fMRI can help reveal how. With emerging technologies, neuroscientist believe they may be able to relate areas of the brain to thinking and feeling, and perhaps an understanding of consciousness. If humans can understand the mind, and consciousness, then advances in artificial intelligence may be accelerated. If the mind can be explained by chemical reactions and brain activity, then perhaps the mind can be replicated and computers will become more like humans. If the mind cannot be explained by brain science, artificial intelligence will likely not lead to a computer with a “mind of its own.”
Miranda Marnes, Siena College

Neuro-ethics

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Abrahamic

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Philosophy of Science

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Ethics and AI

Eastern

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Post-Humanism

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Secular Humanists

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